Optometry is a health-care profession that entails evaluating the eyes and related visual systems for defects or anomalies, as well as prescribing glasses or contact lenses to correct refractive errors and treating eye disorders. Optometrists are eye doctors who specialize in primary eye care.
Ophthalmoscopy is a procedure that examines the retina, optic disc, choroid, and blood vessels in the rear of the eye (fundus). It's also known as funduscopy. It may be done as part of a standard physical examination or as part of an eye examination. It's vital for determining the retina's, optic disc, and vitreous humor's health.
Ophthalmic pathology is a laboratory-based science that examines samples acquired from patients in order to provide a diagnostic opinion to ophthalmologists and other healthcare professionals. Ophthalmic pathologists examine tissues extracted by ophthalmologists in order to provide a precise diagnosis. The infected tissue is inspected under a microscope and under a light microscope.