The doctor can provide a broader spectrum of care by understanding immunology in general and the ocular response(s) in particular. Ocular Immunologists are ophthalmologists who have received advanced training in Ocular Immunology and have gained highly specialized diagnostic and therapeutic skills in caring for patients with eye illnesses caused by aberrant immunoregulatory systems. All inflammatory disorders of the eye, systemic autoimmune disease, and systemic immunomodulatory therapy are treated by ocular immunologists, who have advanced training and clinical expertise.
The human eye is an organ that is constantly exposed to the environment, exposing the ocular surface to a variety of pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms. In each layer of the eye, several microbes can be found naturally. One of the most common types of eye disease is infection of the outer structure of the eye. Furthermore, despite being generally impervious to germs, infections in the eye can occur as a result of trauma, surgery, or systemic disease.