Eye surgery, often called ocular surgery, is surgery done on the eye or its adnexa by an ophthalmologist. The eye is a delicate organ that requires special attention before, during, and after surgery to minimize or avoid further injury. A professional eye surgeon is in charge of determining the best surgical procedure for the patient and ensuring that all necessary safety precautions are taken. Anesthesia is required because the eye is abundantly supplied by nerves. The most prevalent type of anesthesia is local anesthesia. Glaucoma, Cataracts, detached retinas, retinal tears, diabetic retinopathy, and nearsightedness or farsightedness are among disorders that can be treated with eye surgery.