Title : Knowledge, attitude and practice of diabetic retinopathy amongst diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital in jammu north india
Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder which is characterized by elevated blood sugar level. It is a major cause of blindness in our country, which is preventable and treatable, if healthy practise and knowledge regarding this disease is applied. The study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of Diabetic Retinopathy, amongst diabetic patients attending eye OPD in GMC Jammu.
300 patients diagnosed with Diabetes mellitus attending eye OPD, over a priod of 10 months, in GMC Jammu, were incorporated in this study. Self-administered questionnaires were used to assess knowledge, practice and attidue of Diabetic Retinopathy.
This study incorporated 300 diabetic patients, out of which 168 ( 56%) were males and 132 (44%) were females. Most of the patients (70%) were aware that Diabetes can cause eye disorders. 67.33% believed that they should go for regular eye checkups. 79.33% agreed that timely intervention can delay the complications in Diabetic eye disease.
Diabetes can lead to serious Ocular complications which can be prevented by proper awareness, optimistic attitude and good approach towards the disease.
Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of visual impairment in developing countries like India. Our study emphasizes on the early screening, awareness, education, practical approach towards the management of Diabetic Retionopathy. This is a simple and effective study towards decreasing the ocular morbitiy of this disease.