Title : A study on ocular morbidities in children aged between 7 to 18 years attending ophthalmology OPD in Al Ameen Medical College and Hospital Bijapur
Ocular morbidities in children involve a spectrum of diseases that critically impact the development, education and quality of life hence require prompt attention.This study was conducted with an objective to asses the prevalence of ocular morbidity.
A hospital based cross- sectional study was carried out from November 2020 to April 2021 among children in age group 7 to 18 years. Data was collected using a semi structured questionnaires. Detailed eye examination was done under Slit lamp and visual equity assessment was done using snellen chart. Children with vision less than 6/6p were subjected to refraction. Posterior segment evaluation was done under slit lamp with 90D and IDO.
A total of 120 children (6 to 18 years) were examined in this study. Majority of cases were between 14 to 18 years. 58.3% male and 41.6% female. common presenting complaints were blurring of vision 28.3% and headache 11.6%. The common ocular mobility reported were refractive error 35.83% followed by the allergic conjunctivitis 19.16% and infections of the eye in adnexa 15.83%. Prevalence of refractive error was more in children aged 14 to 18 years. Myopia was most common refractory error.
Most of the ocular morbidities are preventable or treatable. Ocular disorder can be easily identified with a regular eye screening. Moreover, health education for the prevention of ocular mobility and early presentation to ophthalmology OPD for treatment is essential